The Foraminifera.eu Project
Foraminifera Gallery - illustrated Foram catalog
April 2021: Paleocene Foraminifera from Glacial Erratics.
Together with Stefan I found solid rock boulders at the Baltic coast: Kerteminde Marl. Freezing cracked them and dozens of foraminifera peeled out.
... see more
March 2021: Jurassic Foraminifera from Glacial Erratics.
A new set of specimens from Jurassic glacial erratics found in gravel pits north of Berlin are provided by Steffen Schneider. We enlarge the photographing and identification.
... see more
February 2021: The Foraminifera eu Newsletter 2021 is out.
It tells about our foram activities, your contributions and plans for 2021. The PDF has ten pages and is full of illustrations. If you want to get it: Subscribe with your email-address
January 2021: Sahul Shelf and Timor Sea Foraminifera
By courtesy of the Cushman Foundation for Foraminiferal Research we are adding illustrations from Loeblich, A. R., Tappan, H. N., 1994: Foraminifera of the Sahul Shelf and Timor Sea. Cushman Foundation for Foraminiferal Research, Special Publication 31. 661 pp. So far 630 of about 2300 specimens are integrated. ... see more
FORAMINIFERA - EXPLAINED
What are Foraminifera
Foraminifera, or forams for short, are single-celled organisms that live in the open
ocean, along the coasts and in estuaries. They consist of cytoplasma, which is stabilized and protected by an inner shell called test. Either they float in the water column (planktonics
) or live on the sea floor (benthics
). Of the approximately 6,000 species living today, only about 50 species are planktonic. It is estimated that there are about 80.000 species, which went extinct.
The word Foraminifera
The word is derived from the Latin words for opening "foramen" and to bear "ferre".
So literaly foraminifera means opening bearing. Usually they have one major opening called aperture and miniature smaller ones. Some have secondary apertures. While openings are a mutual feature of all foraminifera, they play in taxonomy
only a minor role. ... more on apertures
Where do Foraminifera live ?
Foraminifera are abundant all over the oceans. A few species live in
freshwater environments. Forams live in the deep sea, open waters, near shore and even in areas only partly covered by sea water. Each niche has a specific mixture of species, called fauna. Explore the foraminifera in todays oceans via the zoomable map of our finds
or the database-query
choosing an ocean, area and/or locality.
They live on the seafloor and adapt to the local habitat. Major factors
of such seafloor habitats are food supply, light, predators, water-depth, salinity, temperature and substrate. In the fossil record an assemblage of benthic foraminifera may lead to an understanding of the ancient habitat. Benthic foraminiferal species show a wide range of life styles and forms. ... to the images
They drift in the oceans. Their habitat are open waters from the surface to
several hundred meters below. About 50 species live in todays oceans. Wide areas of the ocean floors are covered by their remains, the so called tests
. They are used for palaeontological and stratigraphical studies (PDF)
by Prof. Kucera.... to the images
Taxonomy of Foraminifera
As single celled organisms with a nucleus, foraminifera belong to the kingdom of protists. They
build an own phylum with 80.000 described species. The taxonomy is for more than 99% of the species based on the morphology of the test. The wall material of the test and the chamber arrangement are the most important features to describe benthic species. Consult our key to benthic species
. For planktonics the test surface and chamber arrangement are important. Consult our
key to planktonic species
. Read more
Fossil Record of Foraminifera
The stratigraphic range of foraminifera extends from before the Cambrian
till today. The first species had organic tests or were simple agglutinated
tubes. In the Paleozoic Fusulinida
dominated. In the Mesozoic an enormeous radiation of species took place till substantial extinctions at the end of the Cretaceous
. The Cenozoic had a huge radiation. In total 80.000 species are described and used in the biostratigraphic studies. ...to the fossil record
THE FORAMINIFERA.EU PROJECT
A Citizen Science Project
The Foraminifera.eu Project (FEUPRO) is run by a team of avocational
scientists, who gets great support by professionals and amateurs. We want to foster the interest in foraminifera as an important but mainly neglected form of life. Our freely accessible database
is a major outcome. We work out of natural enthusiasm on a strictly non-commercial basis. ... read more
The Foraminifera.eu Database (FEUDAT)
FEUDAT contains to date 16.600+ datasets each with an image and 30
+ attached data. The data allow to search for foraminifera on a wide range of criteria, which are on taxonomy, morphology, geography, geological time, collection, fauna and more. The result is presented as a plate with up to 500 images. FEUDAT is freely accessible. Contributors may find their collection of foraminifera better accessible than ever. ... to the database
PROJECTS AND CATALOGUES
Catalogues of Foraminifera
A major outcome of the Foraminifera.eu Project is a catalogue with to date 16.500+ entries.
It is mainly achieved by projects
and focussed work on specific foraminifera. One of the goals of these specific studies is to build catalogues of the according foraminifera. Whenever a representative amount of species are documented a catalogue is established. The catalogues are described below.
Catalogue of Upper Cretaceous Foraminifera
The Working group of Upper Cretaceous
has created over time a catalogue of 2500+ Upper Cretaceous Foraminifera. It started with own finds from Upper Campanian quarries near Hamburg and was soon substantially enlarged by contributions of images by professionals. The enlargement is ongoing and your contribution is welcome to enlarge the coverage. ... to the catalogue
Catalogue of Portuguese Foraminifera
The Working group of Portuguese Foraminifera
has created a catalogue of 800+ foraminifera from Portugal. The basis was 8 years of field work in the Algarve by Brian and Michael. Portuguese professionals contributed many SEM images. The catalogue comprises specimens from recent waters and fossil foraminifera from the Miocene, Cretaceous and Jurassic. ... to the catalogue
CONTRIBUTION AND BENEFITS
How to contribute
We work strictly non commercial, money can"t be contributed. Raw material
allow us to work on interesting stuff und explore new topics. With Images
we may enlarge the
coverage of the database. Comments and proposals often lead to improvements. Invitation to talks, field work and workshops allows us to get in touch with interested people. Provided publications
preferably as PDF help us to improve our skills. Contact us
As a contributor you will get your own contributors page. It is freely online accessible to you
and everyone interested. You will find your collection in our well structured database
and thus made accessible over a substantial range of criteria. We add contributed images free of charge and check identifications. To a limited extent and willingness of the team we process raw material, extract forams, shoot optical images and identify specimens. ... to the list of contributors
Foraminifera should be properly stored in microslides. There are different types and manufacturers, the ones we use are described here